The term Human Trafficking refers to modern day slavery and includes sex trafficking, forced labor, bonded labor, involuntary servitude, and child soldiers. These horrific forms of abuse are all linked together. END IT states that human Trafficking happens in 167 countries (that is 87% of all nations in the world) and approximately 1 in 5 victims are children. The number of victims caught in this web of abuse is staggering. According to A21, human trafficking is the fastest-growing criminal industry in the world, generating more than $150 billion USD every year. Traffickers use a variety of methods to recruit victims including abduction and even being sold into trafficking by their family. Often people are tricked into trafficking through false job advertisements, false immigration, and/or promises from supposed lovers/friends.
To emphasise the importance and impact of sex trafficking, our group would like to highlight the numbers.
Polaris Project provides four statistics on their Sex Trafficking page:
- Since 2007, the National Human Trafficking Hotline, operated by Polaris, has received reports of 22,191 sex trafficking cases inside the United States.
- In 2016, the National Center for Missing & Exploited Children estimated that 1 in 6 endangered runaways reported to them were likely sex trafficking victims.
- Globally, the International Labor Organization estimates that there are 4.5 million people trapped in forced sexual exploitation globally.
- In a 2014 report, the Urban Institute estimated that the underground sex economy ranged from $39.9 million in Denver, Colorado, to $290 million in Atlanta, Georgia.
Thorn‘s research on web based sexual abuse indicates that of victims identified 91% are African American & Latino youth, 50-90% have some form of child welfare involvement, 76% are refugees and/or migrant children, 50% are youth in the LGBTQ community, 25% are homeless youth, and 16% are considered runaways.
MN Human Trafficking Hotline has data on recorded Human trafficking cases in the state of Minnesota. As of 2016 there were 299 calls to the hotline, 62 cases were reported. Of those 62 cases reported to the hotline 53 of the victims were female and 14 victims were male. 48 of the 62 cases were specific to Sex Trafficking. The locations of the 48 Sex trafficking incidents included but are not limited to hotels/motels, commercial-front brothels, street-based, and escort services.